The CBD industry is characterised by several terminologies which often lead to debates. The terms full spectrum and broad spectrum are some of the complicated terms the industry have had to deal with over the years. These terms till this moment doesn’t have an officially recognised definition and as such different companies have resorted to giving their own definitions thereby leading to variations and even misconception of the terms.
In this article, we will give a detailed definition of full spectrum and broad spectrum while also highlighting benefits of both of them not only to potential users but also to manufacturers. It is important we know that different cannabinoids behave differently and this we know by how they behave when they interact with the endocannabinoid system. There are over 113 cannabinoids and the full range is what we refer to as the cannabinoid spectrum.
The major difference between a full spectrum and broad spectrum can be understood from the range of cannabinoids that is present in the process of extraction and finishing stages of the product. Nonetheless, it becomes difficult to spot the presence of all of these cannabinoids because they often exist in very low concentration. Now this makes the validity of full spectrum questionable.
When we started out, we hinged our strengths to the manufacturing of CBD isolate. Since then we have plunged into development of other products that meet the special needs of our customer’s round the globe.
Our previous article laid emphasis on the benefits of CBD isolate. Isolate are pure and very functional. And this makes it an almost perfect solution for producers who care much about THC levels in their products.
Since the passage of the farm bill 2018, the lawful limits of THC content in hemp is edged at 0.3%. This limit often spring up concerns when cannabinoid spectrum is discussed. The question still underlying are
- What does full and broad spectrum mean?
- What is the distinction between them? and
- Why is important that we know these?
For us, we define full spectrum as an extract of crude hemp or simply put hemp oil. This oil consists of all the extracts from hemp plant which includes cannabinoids, terpenes, fatty acid, flavoids and even THC. Users of full spectrum are confident that the composition when used together is more effective than when used individually. This theory is referred to as entourage effect.
THC has been phenomenal and has rendered several medical benefits and as such we give accolades to the compound. But with the regulations on CBD products and hemp in general, considering the fact that supplies often gets distributed in global markets.
Since there is yet to be a legitimate definition of full spectrum, it is often difficult to know what accompanies the usage of full spectrum products. They could still contain distillates of THC, there could be a variety of compounds, and it could even be the crude hemp oil itself.
Merits and demerits of full spectrum.
Full spectrum gives a full range of compounds from cannabis plant. And since it consists of the entire plants extract, the stages of refining full spectrum is usually not complete as in the case of broad spectrum and isolate.
Users and producers of full spectrum who are suspicious of THC ought to be very careful when it comes to extraction. Since THC has psychoactive properties and uninformed users could test positive to a drug test.
Producers of full spectrum products could risk legal penalties when products are found having above 0.3% THC which is the legal acceptable limit. Issues may also arise when global brands supply products to market spaces like the UK where the legal limit for THC is about 0.2%.
Eliminating the risks.
Broad spectrum is an intermediary between the full spectrum and isolate. We can define it as a very rich cannabinoid distillate where THC is absent. Its extraction process is similar to that of the full spectrum except for the fact that a further refining process is engaged to fish out the psychoactive compounds.
We offer Broad spectrum products that helps users and manufacturers of cannabinoids to remain in tune to regulations while also getting the potent advantages from hemp plant extracts.
Merits and demerits of broad spectrum
Like full spectrum, broad spectrum renders a wide range of compounds present in cannabis or hemp plant. The added advantage being that THC is eliminated which takes away the possibility of psychoactive effects.
Broad spectrum products are characterised by the conventional hemp flavour and smell which could be undesirable to some customers.
The Extraction process for Broad spectrum is quite cumbersome and this makes users and manufactures pay more for the end products.
Since there isn’t a generally accepted definition of full and broad spectrum, users need to question these CBD manufacturers for the meaning of the terms. Also note that zero THC content for full spectrum is nonexistent.
Our broad spectrum products are extracted using the best and safe processes and they deliver a CBD potency of up to 80% without the presence of any controlled or psychoactive substance.
If you enjoyed this article you might like our piece on Why Choose CBD Isolate?